What Are Perennial Plants

The Authors of this site are not expert gardeners. We just love gardening and love to plant fruits, plants and flowers. We have some in our garden but not all. We have been looking and buying for perennial plants the past weeks. We just need these kind of plants so that they will grow again after winter time. To have more idea about these plants, we consulted the experts from wikipedia about this. This is also for general information if ever you are searching for this kind of plants.

A perennial plant or perennial (Latin per, “through”, annus, “year”) is a plant that lives for more than two years. When used by gardeners or horticulturalists, this term applies specifically to perennial herbaceous plants. Scientifically, woody plants like shrubs and trees are also perennial in their habit.

Perennials, especially small flowering plants, grow and bloom over the spring and summer and then die back every autumn and winter, then return in the spring from their root-stock rather than seeding themselves as an annual plant does. These are known as herbaceous perennials. However, depending on the rigors of local climate, a plant that is a perennial in its native habitat, or in a milder garden, may be treated by a gardener as an annual and planted out every year, from seed, from cuttings or from divisions.

LIFE CYCLE

Perennial plants can be short-lived (only a few years) or they can be long-lived, as are some woody plants like trees which can live for over 3,000 years. They can vary in height from only a few millimeters to over 100 meters tall. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like Orchids and Grasses.

Plants that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. However, most perennials are polycarpic, flowering over many seasons in their lifetime.

 
 

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